- This ancient surname is of Roman (Latin) pre Cristian origins. It derives from the word 'crucis' meaning 'cross'. There are several potential origins, the most popular being that it was originally a habitational name for a person who lived at one of the many places called Cruc or Cros. These were named after a 'cross' which was set up to mark a tribal eeting place or perhaps a market, with little or no religious significance. In many cases particularly in Southern Europe, the surname was semi-religious. It denoted a lay person, that is to say, not a member of the clergy as they were celibate, who carried a cross in the festivals of the Christian Church. Every European country has its own forms of the surname, and examples of these include Cross and Crosse (English), Grose (French), Cruz and Cruces (Spanish), to Kreuze and Kreuziger (German) and Vercruysse (Flemish), as just some of the spellings. Early examples of the surname recordings taken from authentic civil and religious registers include Richard del Crosse, in the Assize Court Rolls of Lancashire, England, in the year 1285, and William atte Cros, in the Subsidy Rolls of Suffolk in 1327. Francisco Lopez Cruz was recorded at Nuestra Senora de la Antugua, Valladolid, Spain, on March 2nd 1566, whilst Tomas de la Cruz was born at Santa Barabara Mission, California, on December 3rd 1799. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Humfrey de Cruce, which was dated 1273, in the Hundred Rolls of Oxfordshire, England, during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Surnames reference. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
Steve Crosetti — Infobox character name = Det. Steve Crosetti caption = Det. Steve Crosetti first = last = cause = Death (suicide) gender = Male age = Approx 50 born = death = family = Beatrice (daughter) spouse = Unnamed (separated) episode = 13 ( ) portrayer =… … Wikipedia
Frankie Crosetti — Infobox MLB retired name=Frankie Crosetti position=Shortstop width = 150 bats=Right throws=Right birthdate=birth date|1910|10|4 city state|San Francisco|California deathdate=death date and age|2002|2|11|1910|10|4 city state|Stockton|California… … Wikipedia
New York Yankees — Yankees redirects here. For other uses, see Yankee (disambiguation). For other uses, see New York Yankees (disambiguation). New York Yankees … Wikipedia
Joe DiMaggio — Not to be confused with John DiMaggio. Joe DiMaggio Center fielder Born: November 25, 1914(1914 11 … Wikipedia
Meldrick Lewis — Detective Meldrick Lewis Meldrick, February 1996 First appearance Gone for Goode Last appearance Homicide: The Movie … Wikipedia
Mickey Mantle — Mantle in 1953 Center fielder Born: October 20, 1931(1931 10 20) Spavinaw, Oklahoma … Wikipedia
Casey Stengel — Outfielder / Manager Born: July 30, 1890(1890 07 30) Kansas City, Miss … Wikipedia
Earle Combs — Outfielder Born: May 14, 1899 Pebworth, Kentucky Died: July 21, 1976( … Wikipedia
Joe McCarthy (manager) — For the catcher who played in 1905 6, see Joe McCarthy (catcher). For other people named Joseph McCarthy, see Joseph McCarthy (disambiguation). Joe McCarthy Joe McCarthy as Red Sox manager Manager … Wikipedia
Night of the Dead Living — Homicide: Life on the Street episode … Wikipedia