Crafts

This interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and has a number of possible sources. Firstly, the surname may be a nickname for a smart, cunning person, deriving from the Olde English pre 7th Century "craeft", craft, skill. The surname may also be a topographical name for someone who lived by a "croft", an arable enclosure usually adjacent to a house, from the Olde English "croft", croft, piece of enclosed land used for tillage or pasture. There are several places in England named with this word, and the surname may equally be a locational name from any of them, or from "Croft" in Leicestershire. Croft was recorded as "Craeft" in the Saxon Chartulary (836), and as "Crebre" in the Domesday Book of 1086, and derives from the Olde English "craeft", craft, a machine, engine (a wind-mill or water-mill may be referred to). The surname is first recorded in the latter half of the 12th Century (see below), and can also be found as Croft, Crofts, Crafts, Cruft and Crufts. Roger de Craft is noted in the Curia Regis Rolls of Warwickshire (1213). On February 20th 1557, John, son of Davy Craft, was christened at St. Martin Ludgate, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Aluric Craft, which was dated 1185, in the "Records of the Templars in Essex", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Crafts —   [krɑːfts], James Mason, amerikanischer Chemiker, * Boston (Massachusetts) 8. 3. 1839, ✝ Ridgefield (Conneticut) 20. 6. 1917; war 1871 98 Professor am Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, seit 1895 dessen Präsident. 1874 entdeckte …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Crafts — ist der Name folgender Personen: James Mason Crafts (1839–1917), US amerikanischer Chemiker Samuel C. Crafts (1768–1853), US amerikanischer Politiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CRAFTS — In the Bible Genesis 4:2, 17, 20–22 describes Cain and four of his descendants as the first to engage in crafts. Cain worked the land, Enoch engaged in building, Jubal, in music, Jabal (like Abel) was a shepherd, and Tubal Cain worked with metals …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • crafts —    Spain has a long tradition of hand crafts ranging from traditional wooden agricultural implements still made in the remoter regions to world famous porcelain and damascene wares. Pottery is a craft practised throughout the country. Many… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • crafts — air·crafts·man; air·crafts·wom·an; an·ti·air·crafts·man; crafts·man; hand·i·crafts·man; crafts·man·ship; hand·crafts·man; …   English syllables

  • CRAFTS —    Professional specialization was a result of urbanization, which began in Mesopotamia in the fourth millennium B.C. Archaic lexical lists record the terms for professions, which include those of craftworkers. They were attached to the “great… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • crafts — krɑːft n. skillfulness (in doing or creating); creative project; boat, plane; slyness, guile; skill, trade,occupation v. shape with skill …   English contemporary dictionary

  • crafts — things made by hand. → craft …   English new terms dictionary

  • CRAFTS — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Crafts Study Centre — England’s museum of modern crafts, the Crafts Study Centre is located next to the entrance of the University for the Creative Arts at Farnham and its Foyer/James Hockey Galleries. The Crafts Study Centre enjoys an international reputation as a… …   Wikipedia

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