Abraham
This long-established surname, recorded in such spellings as Abram, Abrahamer, Avraham, Abramsky, D'Abramo, Brahms, Abrahamsson, Abramovitz and over seventy other spellings is of pre 12th century origin. Found in almost every European country including England, Scotland, France, Germany, Italy, Greece, Russia, Poland, The Netherlands, Belgium, Norway, Sweden, Croatia, Hungary etc. it was one of the many surnames of Hebrew influence which were originally given by the returning Crusaders to their children, in recognition of their fathers visit to the Holy Land, and which subsequently became surnames. 'Abraham' translates as 'The father of the nation', and as such was borne by the first of the Jewish patriarchs, although the surname itself is not essentially Jewish. The 1086 Domesday Book for London, in the first known public recording, refers to 'Abraham', who was a priest in the established Christian church, whilst in 1170 Abraham de Stradtuna was recorded in the Danelaw rolls of Lincolnshire. The personal name continued to be used by Christians through into the 18th century, when it was also popular amongst non-conformists. The earliest known surname recordings are in England and they include John Abraham of Bedford in 1273, and Magota Abraham in the 1379 Poll Tax rolls of Yorkshire. The first recorded spelling of the family name is believed to be that of John Abraham, which was dated 1197, in the pipe rolls of the county of Northamptonshire, during the reign of King Richard 1st of England, 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • ABRAHAM — (originally Abram; Heb. אַבְרָהָם, אַבְרָם), first patriarch of the people of Israel. The form Abram occurs in the Bible only in Genesis 11:26–17:5, Nehemiah 9:7, and I Chronicles 1:26. Otherwise, Abraham appears invariably, and the name is borne …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham — (). For Muslims, he is a prophet of Islam and the ancestor of Muhammad through his other son Ishmael born to him by his wife s servant, Hagar. Abraham is also a progenitor of the Semitic tribes of the Negev who trace their descent from their… …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham — • Outline of his life, with New and Old Testament views Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Abraham     Abraham     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abraham — V. «seno de Abraham». * * * Abraham. □ V. seno de Abraham. * * * Abraham (en hebreo, אַבְרָהָם, en árabe, ابراهيم, Ibrāhīm), es uno de los patriarcas del pueblo de Israel; según la Biblia, debió de nacer en Ur de los caldeos, en la desembocadura… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ABRAHAM — La Bible nous présente Abram (Père puissant), surnommé par la suite Abraham (Père d’une multitude de nations, ou selon l’akkadien: Aimant le Père), comme l’ancêtre commun des Ismaélites et des Israélites. L’histoire d’Abraham – le premier… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abrahám — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Este artículo trata sobre el personaje bíblico. Para el nombre propio, véase Abraham (nombre). Abraham Patriarca de Israel Precedido por Noé Sucedido por …   Wikipedia Español

  • ABRAHAM — ABRAHAM, family of U.S. merchants. ABRAHAM ABRAHAM (1843–1911), son of a Bavarian immigrant, and Joseph Wechsler, himself an immigrant, established a dry goods store in Brooklyn, New York, in 1865. It became Brooklyn s largest department store,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abrahám — (Village) Administration Pays  Slovaquie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abraham — Abraham, (Völkervater) Sohn Tarachs zu Ur in Chaldäa, 10. Nachkomme Sems, wanderte mit Vater, Bruder und Familie nach Haran, als in seiner Heimat die Abgötterei einriß, und später nach Palästina und Aegypten. Er erhielt in Haran von Gott die… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Abraham — m Biblical: name of the first of the Jewish patriarchs, who entered into a covenant with God that his descendants should possess the land of Canaan. The Hebrew form is Avraham, of uncertain derivation. In Genesis 17: 5 it is explained as ‘father… …   First names dictionary

  • Abraham — masc. proper name, name of the first of the patriarchs in the Old Testament, from Hebrew Abraham father of a multitude, from abh father + *raham (cognate with Arabic ruham multitude ); the name he altered from Abram high father, from second… …   Etymology dictionary

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