Courage


Courage
This is a surname of French origins, which was first recorded in England in the medieval period being an introduction by the Normans after the 1066 invasion of William The Conqueror. Rather unusually for nickname surnames it actually seems to mean what it says, it describes "a stout fellow," somebody who displays fortitude in difficult circumstances. However there are those doubters who believe that all medieval nicknames were to some extent satirical, and given the robust humour of the period, it is possible that the name literally described a stout person!Logic however remains with the original findings as the medieval word for a stout person was "stubb". What is certain is that in the late medieval period a Coat of Arms was granted, this has the blazon of a gold field charged with a red fretty, suggesting strength (red) and loyalty (the fretty), again a confirmation of the original meaning. The early English recordings of the surname are regular but rare, but from the late 17th century there is a definite second coming through the Huguenot refugees, also from France, an example being Jean Courege and his wife Jeanne, who were registered at the French church in London known as Le Savoye, in Spring Gardens, on February 7th 1714. Early recordings include William Curage of Essex in 1260 and Augustin de Courig of Somerset in 1272. A further recording was that of John de Currage of Bedford in 1309, this last two recordings suggesting land ownership, but this is not proven. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Walter Curage, which was dated 1254, in the Court Fee rolls of Essex, during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman" 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Courage — (de) …   Kölsch Dialekt Lexikon

  • courage — [ kuraʒ ] n. m. • XIIIe; curage 1050; de cur, var. anc. de cœur 1 ♦ Vx Force morale; dispositions du cœur. ⇒ cœur, sentiment. « Détrompez son erreur, fléchissez son courage » (Racine). 2 ♦ Ardeur, énergie dans une entreprise. Je n ai pas le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • courage — Courage, quasi Cordis actio, Animus, Audacia, Fiducia, Spiritus. Le courage d un chacun se couvre d un rideau de simulation, Multis simulationum inuolucris tegitur, et quasi velis obtenditur vniuscuiusque natura. Bon courage, Bona spes, Bonus… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • courage — COURAGE. s. m. Disposition par laquelle l âme se porte à entreprendre quelque chose de hardi, de grand, ou à repousser, ou à souffrir quelque chose de fâcheux, de difficile. Grand courage. Noble courage. Bon courage. Courage franc. Courage élevé …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • courage — Courage. s. m. Disposition de l ame avec laquelle elle se porte à entreprendre ou à repousser, ou à souffrir quelque chose. Grand courage. peu de courage. son peu de courage. noble courage. bon courage. courage franc. courage eslevé. courage haut …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Courage — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Courage (oficialmente Courage International [EUA] y Courage Latino [LA]) es un apostolado de la Iglesia Católica que busca atender a personas con deseos y atracción homosexuales y animarles a vivir en castidad… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Courage — Cour age (k[u^]r [asl]j; 48), n. [OE. corage heart, mind, will, courage, OF. corage, F. courage, fr. a LL. derivative of L. cor heart. See {Heart}.] 1. The heart; spirit; temper; disposition. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] So priketh hem nature in here… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Courage — ku’ra:ʒə (französisch ‚Mut‘, ‚Tapferkeit‘ oder ‚Beherztheit‘) bezeichnet: Beratungsstelle Courage in Österreich mit Schwerpunkt Homosexualität und Transgender Courage Compétition, französischer Sportwagenhersteller Courage UK, in Großbritannien… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • courage — n Courage, mettle, spirit, resolution, tenacity are comparable when they mean a quality of mind or temperament which makes one resist temptation to give way in the face of opposition, danger, or hardship. Courage stresses firmness of mind or… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Courage — «Courage» Сингл Manowar из альбома Louder Than Hell …   Википедия

  • Courage UK — Courage ist eine in Großbritannien gegründete Non Profit Organisation für evangelikale Christen. Sie gehört zur Ex Ex Gay Bewegung. Die Organisation beansprucht für sich schwule und lesbische Christen sowie ihre Angehörigen zu unterstützen, indem …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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