Counter


Counter
This interesting and unusual surname is of Norman origin, and is an occupational name for "one who counts, reckons", that is, an accountant or treasurer. The derivation is from the Anglo-French "countour", a development of the Old French "conteor", "one who counts". Originally, the treasurer was a person entrusted with the receipt, care, and disbursement of the revenues of a king, noble, or other dignitary of a state, city or church; consequently, the office was held in high regard. Job-descriptive surnames formerly denoted the actual occupation of the namebearer, and later became hereditary. The surname first appears on record in the mid 13th Century (see below). Further early examples from the Assize Court Rolls of Staffordshire include: John le Cuntur, (1289), with the forms "le Cunter" and "le Counter" appearing in 1301. On July 2nd 1685, John Counter and Ruth Bernard were married at St. Mary's, Marylebone Road, London. A Coat of Arms granted to the Counter family is a barry of six red and gold, with fifteen roundles counterchanged, three, two, three, two, three and two. The roundle represents the Byzantium coin. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Matthew Cunter, which was dated 1250, in the "Book of Fees" for Hampshire, during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216-1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Counter — Coun ter, a. Contrary; opposite; contrasted; opposed; adverse; antagonistic; as, a counter current; a counter revolution; a counter poison; a counter agent; counter fugue. Innumerable facts attesting the counter principle. I. Taylor. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • counter — coun‧ter [ˈkaʊntə ǁ ər] noun [countable] 1. COMMERCE the place where you are served in a shop, bank etc: • Please pay at the checkout counter. ˈtrade ˌcounter COMMERCE a part of a shop, factory, or website where a business can buy goods for less… …   Financial and business terms

  • counter — Ⅰ. counter [1] ► NOUN 1) a long flat topped fitment over which goods are sold or served or across which business is conducted with customers. 2) a small disc used in board games for keeping the score or as a place marker. 3) a token representing… …   English terms dictionary

  • counter — counter1 [kount′ər] n. [ME countour: in senses 1 & 2 < OFr conteor < L computator < computare; in senses 3, 4, 5 < OFr contouer, counting room, table of a bank < ML computatorium < L computare,COMPUTE] 1. a) a person or thing… …   English World dictionary

  • Counter — Coun ter, adv. [F. contre, fr. L. contra against. Cf. {Contra }.] 1. Contrary; in opposition; in an opposite direction; contrariwise; used chiefly with run or go. [1913 Webster] Running counter to all the rules of virtue. Locks. [1913 Webster] 2 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • counter- — coun·ter / kau̇n tər/ prefix 1 a: contrary: opposite counter letter b: opposing: retaliatory counter action 2: complementary: corresponding …   Law dictionary

  • Counter- — Coun ter (koun t[ e]r ). Note: [See {Counter}, adv. ] A prefix meaning contrary, opposite, in opposition; as, counteract, counterbalance, countercheck. See {Counter}, adv. & a. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Counter — Count er (koun t[ e]r), n. [OE. countere, countour, a counter (in sense 1), OF. contere, conteor, fr. conter to count. See {Count}, v. t. ] 1. One who counts, or reckons up; a calculator; a reckoner. [1913 Webster] 2. A piece of metal, ivory,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Counter — Coun ter, n. [See {Counter}, adv., {Contra}.] 1. (Naut.) The after part of a vessel s body, from the water line to the stern, below and somewhat forward of the stern proper. [1913 Webster] 2. (Mus.) Same as {Contra}. Formerly used to designate… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • counter — [adj] opposite, opposing adverse, against, antagonistic, anti, antipodal, antipodean, antithetical, conflicting, contradictory, contrary, contrasting, converse, diametric, hindering, impeding, obstructive, obverse, opposed, polar, reverse;… …   New thesaurus

  • Counter — Coun ter, n. [OE. countour, OF. contouer, comptouer, F. comptoir, LL. computatorium, prop., a computing place, place of accounts, fr. L. computare. See {Count}, v. t.] A table or board on which money is counted and over which business is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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