Able
This interesting and long-established surname is of medieval English origin, and derives from the Hebrew male given name "Hevel", traditionally held to derive from the Hebrew "hevel", breath, vigour, used also in the figurative sense "vanity, worthlessness". This name was borne by the son of Adam who was murdered by his brother Cain (Genesis 4:1-8), and was popular throughout Christendom during the Middle Ages (circa 1200 - 1500), when there was a cult of suffering innocence which Abel represented. "Abellus", the Latinized form of the name, is recorded (with surname) in Documents relating to the Danelaw. Leicestershire, dated 1216, and an Abel de Etton', witness, was noted in the 1221 Assize Court Rolls of Warwickshire. The surname first appears on record towards the end of the 12th Century (see below), and further early examples include: Richard Abel (Buckinghamshire, 1273) and Thomas Abelle (Yorkshire, 1301). In the modern idiom the name is variously spelt Abel, Abell, Abele and Able, with patronymic forms including: Abeles, Abelson and Ableson. Abel is also recorded in Scotland from an early date, one Master Abel being noted in Documents concerning the Abbey of Kelso in 1235. Thomas Abel or Abell was burgess of Edinburgh in 1387. A Coat of Arms granted to the family is a silver shield with twelve gold fleurs-de-lis on an azure saltire. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Abel, which was dated 1197, in the "Pipe Rolls of Essex", during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "Richard the Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • -able — ♦ Élément, du lat. abilis, signifiant « qui peut être » (récupérable, ministrable) ou moins souvent « qui donne », « enclin à » (secourable, pitoyable). able Suffixe, du lat. abilis, qui peut être (ex. faisable, mangeable) ou enclin à être ( …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Able — may refer to:In science and technology: * ABLE (nuclear weapon), a U.S. 1946 nuclear weapon test series * ABLE (programming language), a simplified programming language * Able space probes, probes in the Pioneer program * Able, one of the first… …   Wikipedia

  • -able — able, ible 1. general. These two suffixes are derived from Latin endings abilis and ibilis, either directly or through Old French. Of the two, able is an active suffix that can be freely added to the stems of transitive verbs, whereas the set of… …   Modern English usage

  • Able — A ble, a. [comp. {Abler}; superl. {Ablest}.] [OF. habile, L. habilis that may be easily held or managed, apt, skillful, fr. habere to have, hold. Cf. {Habile} and see {Habit}.] 1. Fit; adapted; suitable. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] A many man, to ben… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • able — ● able nom masculin (latin albulus, blanchâtre) Poisson d eau douce (cyprinidé), voisin de l ablette. ⇒ABLE, subst. masc. A. ICHTYOL. Terme générique désignant une variété de poissons d eau douce (cyprinidés) et de couleur claire. B. Poisson… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • -able — a*ble ( [.a]*b l). [F. able, L. abilis.] An adjective suffix now usually in a passive sense; able to be; fit to be; expressing capacity or worthiness in a passive sense; as, movable, able to be moved; amendable, able to be amended; blamable, fit… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • able — adj 1: possessed of needed powers or of needed resources to accomplish an objective able to perform under the contract 2: having freedom from restriction or obligation or from conditions preventing an action able to vote 3: legally qualified:… …   Law dictionary

  • able — able, capable, competent, qualified are close synonyms when they denote having marked power or fitness for work and are used attributively. Placed after the noun, able (followed by to and infinitive) and capable (followed by of) suggest mere… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • able — [ā′bəl] adj. abler [ā′blər] ablest [ā′bləst] [ME < OFr hable, habile < L habilis, easily handled, apt < habere, to have, hold: see HABIT] 1. having enough power, skill, etc. to do something [able to read] 2. having much power of mind;… …   English World dictionary

  • Able — de Heckel Able de Heckel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Able — A ble, v. t. [See {Able}, a.] [Obs.] 1. To make able; to enable; to strengthen. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] 2. To vouch for. I ll able them. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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