Recorded as Colvin and Colvine, this most interesting surname has a number of possible origins. Firstly it may be from the Old Welsh personal name "Coluin," a Celtic name of uncertain meaning. One Colvin or Colvinus was a "tenant-in-chief" in Devonshire, holding his lands during the reign of Edward the Confessor (1042 - 1066), and recorded as a landowner in the Domesday Book of 1086. Secondly, the surname may be English and Scottish, and if so is habitational name from the village of Colleville in Seine-Maritime, in France. Finally, the surname may be of Irish origin, and a derivation from the Gaelic Mac Conluain, translating as "The son of the great hero!" Examples of recordings include that on July 24th 1605 of Joan Colvin, christened at St. Margaret's Westminster, London. An interesting namebearer was John Russell Colvin (1807 - 1857), an official in the East India Company's service in Bengal (1826 - 1835), and later Governor-General of the north-west provinces in India from 1853. A Coat of Arms granted to the family depicts a red cross moline on a silver shield, and on an azure canton a trefoil slipped gold, the Crest being a silver hind's head couped charged with a trefoil slipped green. The Motto, "In hoc signo vinces", translates as, "Under this sign thou shalt conquer". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Wlfwinus Colewin, which was dated 1210, in the "Curia Regis Rolls of Derbyshire", during the reign of King John, known as "Lackland", 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Colvin — may refer to: In places: Colvin Township, Minnesota, a US township Colvin Township, in Eddy County, North Dakota, a US township Other: Colvin Taluqdars College in Lucknow, India People with the surname Colvin: Colvin (surname) Colvin family, the… …   Wikipedia

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  • Colvin —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Claudette Colvin, une militante noire américaine (né en 1934) Jack Colvin, un acteur américain (1934 2005) Marta Colvin, une sculptrice non… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Colvin — /ˈkɒlvən/ (say kolvuhn) noun Sir Sidney, 1845–1927, English literary and art critic …   Australian English dictionary

  • colvin — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Colvin (surname) — Colvin is a surname, and may refer to: Addison B. Colvin (1858 1939), American banker and politician Claudette Colvin (b. 1939), American activist for African American rights D. Leigh Colvin (1880 1959), American politician, active in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Colvin Run Mill — U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • Colvin Township, St. Louis County, Minnesota — Colvin Township, Minnesota   Township   …   Wikipedia

  • Colvin Taluqdars' College — Motto Noblesse Oblige Established 1889 Type Public, Education …   Wikipedia

  • Colvin Mountain — Colvin Mountain …   Wikipedia

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