Columbine


Columbine
This interesting and unusual surname, with the variations Collumbine and Cullabine, derives from the medieval male given name Columbine, from the Old Irish "Columban", a diminutive of "Colum(b)" (Latin "Columba", Dove). Columban was the name of an Irish missionary to Europe (born in Leinster, circa 540), who founded three monastic settlements at Annegray, Luxeuil and Fontaine, in the Vosges, and commenced the foundation of the great abbey of Bobbio in Italy in 614, the year prior to his death. With his companion, St. Gall, he enjoyed a considerable cult throughout central Europe, and forms of his name were adopted as given names: in Italy (Columbano, Colombini); France (Colomb, Colombain); Czechoslovakia (Kolman); and Ireland (Colman). From all of these surnames are derived. In Irish and English, the name of the saint (Columban) is identical with diminutives of the name of the 6th Century missionary, now generally known as St. Columba, who converted the Picts to Christianity. He was born in Dongegal circa 521, and died on the island of Iona in 597. The personal name in its Latin form "Columbus" and "Columba" was popular among early Christians because the dove was considered to be the symbol of the Holy Spirit, and in 1230, one Colubina le Noreis was recorded in London. On July 12th 1643, John Columbine, an infant, was christened at Stone (in the Isle of Oxney), Kent. The family Coat of Arms is a black shield with three silver doves, holding in their bills green olive branches. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Anne Collombine, which was dated August 7th 1569, marriage to John Raynoldes, at St. Botolph's, Bishopsgate, London, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1, known as "Good Queen Bess", 1558 - 1603. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Columbine — may refer to: Contents 1 Places and events 2 Art and entertainment 3 Vehicles 4 Other Places and events …   Wikipedia

  • Columbine — Студийный альбом Ауры Дион …   Википедия

  • Columbine — steht für: Columbine (Colorado), eine Stadt im US Bundesstaat Colorado Columbine High School, eine Highschool in der Nähe von Littleton, Colorado, USA, in der das Schulmassaker von Littleton stattfand Bowling for Columbine, ein satirischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Columbine — Col um*bine, n. [LL. columbina, L. columbinus dovelike, fr. columba dove: cf. F. colombine. Perh. so called from the beaklike spurs of its flowers.] 1. (Bot.) A plant of several species of the genus {Aquilegia}; as, {Aquilegia vulgaris}, or the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Columbine — Columbine, CO U.S. Census Designated Place in Colorado Population (2000): 24095 Housing Units (2000): 8800 Land area (2000): 6.638409 sq. miles (17.193399 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.130717 sq. miles (0.338556 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.769126 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Columbine, CO — U.S. Census Designated Place in Colorado Population (2000): 24095 Housing Units (2000): 8800 Land area (2000): 6.638409 sq. miles (17.193399 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.130717 sq. miles (0.338556 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.769126 sq. miles (17 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • columbine — c.1300, from O.Fr. columbine columbine, or directly from M.L. columbina, from L.L. columbina verbena, fem. of L. columbinus, lit. dove like, from columba dove. The inverted flower supposedly resembles a cluster of five doves. Also a fem. proper… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Columbine — Col um*bine, a. [L. columbinus, fr. columba dove.] Of or pertaining to a dove; dovelike; dove colored. Columbine innocency. Bacon. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Columbine — f English: from Italian Colombitia, a diminutive of Colombo ‘dove’. In the tradition of the commedia dell arte this is the name of Harlequin s sweetheart. The modern name, however, was probably coined independently as one of the class of names… …   First names dictionary

  • Columbine — puede referirse a: Una ciudad de Colorado, Estados Unidos. El nombre de una escuela secundaria en el Condado de Jefferson, Colorado, Estados Unidos (cerca de Littleton), tristemente famosa por la matanza que tuvo lugar el 20 de abril de 1999. Los …   Wikipedia Español

  • Columbine — puede ser: ● Una ciudad de Colorado, Estados Unidos. ● El nombre de una escuela secundaria en el Condado de Jefferson, Colorado, Estados Unidos (cerca de Littleton), tristemente famosa por la matanza que tuvo lugar el 20 de abril de 1999, 110º… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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