This is a locational surname, which derives from the village of Colaton Raleigh in the English county of Devon. All the early surname recordings are found in this area. The village of 'Coletune' is recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book, its change of spelling to Colaton Raleigh occurring in or about the year 1242 when the manor of Colaton was held by Wimundus de Ralegh. The name translates as 'the tun (settlement) of Koli', the latter being a personal name of probably pre 8th century Viking origins. The surname is recorded in an extraordinary variety of spellings, even by the educational standards of 16th & 17th century Devon. These include Colleton, Collaton, Colaton, Collelton, Culleton, Colten, Coltan, Colton, Coulton, and many others. It is arguable that the latter four examples may derive from the village of Colton, originally 'Coultone' in neighbouring Somerset. Examples of the name recordings taken from the church registers of Devon include Johan Coltynge who married John Soverayne at Colyton on September 12th 1583, Hugh Colleton, a witness at Dittisham church on April 20th 1614, and Richard Collaton, christened at Little Hempston church on June 25th 1695. The coat of arms granted in Devon in 1660 has the blazon of a gold field charged with three stags heads couped, and the crest of a stags head, all proper. The stag is the sign, not of a hunter, but a fleet footed messenger, and the date of 1660 would imply a connection with the restoration of King Charles 11 in that year. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Johan Collton, which was dated June 13th 1569, who married Chrystover Mathew at Totnes, Devon, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1st, known as 'Good Queen Bess', 1558 - 1603. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Coltan — is the industrial name for columbite–tantalite, a dull black metallic mineral from which the elements niobium (formerly columbium ) and tantalum are extracted. The niobium dominant mineral is columbite, hence the col half of the term. The mineral …   Wikipedia

  • Coltan — (auch Koltan) ist ein Erz, dessen Hauptlagerstätte in Zentralafrika liegt und aus dem vorrangig das Metall Tantal (Ta) gewonnen wird. Der Name „Coltan“ leitet sich von der Mineralgruppe Columbit Tantalit ab. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Chemische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • colţan — COLŢÁN, colţani, s.m. (Rar) Colţ mare de stâncă; loc inaccesibil. – Colţ + suf. an. Trimis de hai, 07.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  COLŢÁN s. v. corhan, cornaci, libarcă, rus, şvab. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  colţán s. m., pl.… …   Dicționar Român

  • coltan — coltán, coltáni, s.m. (reg. poreclă) ţăran de la şes, înalt, slab; cojan, găligan. Trimis de blaurb, 20.04.2006. Sursa: DAR …   Dicționar Român

  • Coltan — El coltan o coltán es una mezcla de los minerales columbita (una mena de columbio o niobio) y tantalita (una mena de tantalio). El coltán es de color gris metálico oscuro. La columbita está compuesta por óxidos de niobio, hierro y manganeso [(Fe …   Wikipedia Español

  • Coltan — Le coltan (colombite tantalite) est un minerai de couleur noire ou brun rouge contenant deux minéraux associés, la colombite (Fe, Mn) (Nb, Ta)2O6 et la tantalite (Fe, Mn) (Ta, Nb)2O6. La colombite (ou columbite) et la tantalite sont les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Coltan — El coltan es la abreviatura de columbita (Fe,Mn)Nb2O6 tantalita (Fe,Mn)Ta2O6. También conocido como colombio tantalio. Es un mineral de color metálico apagado que se encuentra en la naturaleza mezclado con otros materiales. Una vez refinado se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • coltan — noun A metallic ore from which is extracted the elements niobium and tantalum Syn: columbite tantalite …   Wiktionary

  • Coltan — Cọl|tan 〈n.; s; unz.; Min.〉 ein Erz (auch Columbit Tantalit od. Niobit Tantalit genannt), das aus Columbrium u. Tantal besteht u. aus dem das selten vorkommende Metall Tantal gewonnen wird …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Coltan — Cọl|tan 〈n.; Gen.: s; Pl.: unz.; Min.〉 ein Erz (auch Columbit Tantalit od. Niobit Tantalit genannt), das aus Columbrium u. Tantal besteht u. aus dem das selten vorkommende Metall Tantal gewonnen wird …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

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