This name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is locational from any of the several places thus called, for example Ashford in Devon, Derbyshire, Shropshire, Kent and Middlesex. The last mentioned, recorded as "Ecelesford" in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, dated 969 A.D., derives its first element from the Olde English pre 7th Century personal name "Eccel" (from "ecg", a sword), plus the Olde English "ford", a ford; hence, "Eccels ford". Ashford in Kent, recorded as "Esselesford" in the 1046 Wills Records of that county, is so named from the Olde English "aesc-sceat" meaning "ash-copse". The others get their name from the Olde English "aesc", ash, plus "ford", a ford. Locational surnames, such as this, were usually acquired by a local landowner, or by the lord of the manor, and especially by those former inhabitants of a place who had moved to another area, usually in search of work, and were thereafter best identified by the name of their birthplace. The surname is first recorded in the early half of the 13th Century (see below), and an early recording was that of Ambrose Ashford, who was convicted of being a Monmouth rebel in 1685 and transported to the Barbados as a slave. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Reginald de Asford, which was dated 1221, witness in the "Assize Court Rolls of Shropshire", during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ayshford — infobox UK place country = England static static image caption= latitude= 50.92 longitude= 03.36 official name =Ayshford population = shire district= shire county= Devon region= South West England constituency westminster= post town= postcode… …   Wikipedia

  • Paul Ayshford Methuen — Paul Ayshford Methuen, quatrième baron de Methuen, est un zoologiste et un peintre britannique, né le 29 septembre 1886 à Corsham Court dans le Wiltshire et mort le 7 janvier 1974. Il obtient un diplôme d histoire naturelle à Oxford en 1910. Il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Friends of Friendless Churches — St Andrew’s Church, Woodwalton …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of All Saints episodes — The following is an episode list for the Australian medical drama All Saints. From 24 February 1998 to 27 October 2009, a total of 494 original episodes of All Saints aired over its twelve season run. Some of the shows episode titles are used… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Chetwynd-Talbot, 19th Earl of Shrewsbury — The Right Honourable The Earl of Shrewsbury PC Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen at Arms In office 4 February 1875 – 11 May 1877 Monarch Victoria …   Wikipedia

  • Paul Methuen, 3. Baron Methuen — Paul Sanford Methuen, 3. Baron Methuen Paul Sanford Methuen, 3. Baron Methuen, GCB, GCMG, GCVO (* 1. September 1845, Corsham Court, Wiltshire; † 30. Oktober 1932, Corsham Court, Wiltshire) war ein britischer Adeliger und Offizier, der bis zum Fel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul Sanford Methuen — Lord Methuen Naissance 1er septembre 1845 Corsham Court, Angleterre Décès 30 octobre  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paul Methuen, 3rd Baron Methuen — Field Marshal Paul Sanford Methuen, 3rd Baron Methuen, GCB, GCMG, GCVO (1 September 1845 30 October 1932) was the third Baron Methuen and a British military commander.Paul Sanford Methuen was born at Corsham Court, Wiltshire, the eldest of three… …   Wikipedia

  • Clayton Hall Business and Language College — Headteacher Mark Heuston Specialisms Business Enterprise, Languages Location Clayton Lane Newcastle under Lyme Staffordshire ST5 3DN England …   Wikipedia

  • List of McLeod's Daughters episodes — This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. This is a list of McLeod s Daughters episodes which began airing in Australia on 8 August 2001 and concluded on 29 January 2009, with Series 1 2 consisting of 22 episodes each, Series 3… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.