The ancient Greek name 'Nicholas' meaning 'victory-people', is probably the source of more variants than any other name, some five hundred have been identified covering every European language and country. In this case the name means 'son of (Ni)cholas' - with 'Claus' being the Danish-German variant celebrated in Santa Claus. Although recorded as a personal name in the English Domesday Book of 1086 as Nicolaus, the name popularity both as a personal name and a surname came after the Crusades. Examples of the name's modern variants are; Clayson, Clausson, Claussen and Clawson. The Coat of Arms of Clausen of Bavaria is two facing gold rampant lions holding keys on a black field. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Wilhelm Clausen which was dated C. 1680, in Nordlingen, Bavaria during the reign of Emperor Leopold 1 of the Holy Roman Empire 1668 - 1705 Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Claussen — bzw. Claußen ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bernhard Claußen (* 1948), deutscher Politikwissenschaftler Bruno Claußen (* 1946), deutscher Politiker (CDU) Carl August Claussen (1881–1968), deutscher Konteradmiral Carsten Peter Claussen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claussen — may refer to: People Brandon Claussen, a Major League Baseball pitcher Claus Frenz Claussen, German professor of otolaryngology, artist, and inventor Frank Claussen, guitarist Gro Pedersen Claussen, graphic designer Hermann Claussen, mountain… …   Wikipedia

  • Claussen — Claussen,   Sophus, dänischer Schriftsteller, * Helletofte (Langeland) 12. 9. 1865, ✝ Gentofte 11. 4. 1931; war v. a. Lyriker; vertrat gegen die realistische Literatur und eine materialistische Weltsicht unter dem Einfluss des französischen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Claussen — patronymische Bildungen (schwacher Genitiv oder Ableitung auf sen) zu Claus (Nikolaus) …   Wörterbuch der deutschen familiennamen

  • Claussen pickles — Logo of Claussen pickles. Claussen pickles are a brand of pickled cucumber. The brand is based in Woodstock, Illinois, an exurb of Chicago,[1] and is sold by Kraft Foods. In contrast to many other brands, Claussen pickles are uncooked …   Wikipedia

  • Claussen, Sophus — ▪ Danish poet born September 12, 1865, Helletoft, Island of Langeland, Denmark died April 11, 1931, Gentofte       one of Scandinavia s foremost lyric poets. He was influenced by the French Symbolists (Symbolist movement) and in turn greatly… …   Universalium

  • Claussen, Sophus — (1865 1931)    A Danish poet, Claussen was independently wealthy and was able to devote himself entirely to his artistic pursuits. He first studied law, then became a journalist for several provincial papers, and he spent time in France and Italy …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

  • Claussen-Simon-Stiftung — Die Claussen Simon Stiftung dient der Förderung wissenschaftlich und technisch begabter junger Menschen aller Fachrichtungen und hat ihren Sitz in Essen. Sie vergibt seit 2001 u. a. den mit 25.000 Euro dotierten Preis für Mentorship.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claus-Frenz Claussen — Prof. Claus Claussen Born Husum, Nordfriesland, Schleswig Holstein Nationality German Other names …   Wikipedia

  • Claus Frenz Claussen — Prof. Claus Claussen Claus Frenz Claussen, eigentlich: Claußen (* 28. Mai 1939 in Husum, Kreis Nordfriesland, Schleswig Holstein) ist ein deutscher HNO Mediziner und Hochschullehrer, Autor und Herausgeber …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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