The ancient Greek name 'Nicholas' meaning 'victory-people', is probably the source of more variants than any other name, some five hundred have been identified covering every European language and country. In this case the name means 'son of (Ni)cholas' - with 'Claus' being the Danish-German variant celebrated in Santa Claus. Although recorded as a personal name in the English Domesday Book of 1086 as Nicolaus, the name popularity both as a personal name and a surname came after the Crusades. Examples of the name's modern variants are; Clayson, Clausson, Claussen and Clawson. The Coat of Arms of Clausen of Bavaria is two facing gold rampant lions holding keys on a black field. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Wilhelm Clausen which was dated C. 1680, in Nordlingen, Bavaria during the reign of Emperor Leopold 1 of the Holy Roman Empire 1668 - 1705 Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Clausen — [ˈklauˀsən] is a Danish patronymic surname, literally meaning son of Claus, Claus being a German form of the Greek Νικόλαος, Nikolaos, (cf. Nicholas), used in Denmark at least since the 16th century[1]. The spelling variant Klausen has identical… …   Wikipedia

  • Clausen — o Klausen es el nombre de varias localidades en la Unión Europea. Clausen (Luxemburgo) Clausen (Alemania) Klausen (Austria) Klausen (en italiano Chiusa, localidad de la provincia de Bolzano, en Italia. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Clausen — Clausen,   Thomas, Astronom und Mathematiker, * Nübel (Kreis Schleswig Flensburg) 16. 1. 1801, ✝ Dorpat (heute Tartu) 24. 5. 1885; war 1827 40 Mechaniker im Optischen Institut von Joseph von Utzschneider (* 1763, ✝ 1840) in München, wurde 1842… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Clausen — Clausen, Henrik Nicolai, geb. 1793 in Marieboe auf Laaland, studirte Theologie in Kopenhagen, hielt sich dann 1818–20 in Deutschland, Italien u. Frankreich auf, wurde 1821 Lector der Theologie an der Universität Kopenhagen u. 1834 Senior der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Clausen — Clausen, 1) Henrik Nikolai, dän. Theolog, geb. 1793 in Maribo auf Laaland, gest. 28. März 1877 in Kopenhagen, bereiste 1818–20 Deutschland, Italien und Frankreich und wurde 1821 Lektor und bald darauf Professor der Theologie an der Kopenhagener… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Clausen — Clausen, Henrik Nikolai, geb. 1793 auf Laaland, Professor der Theologie in Kopenhagen, schrieb eine Symbolik, eine Geschichte der Reformation und Hermeneutik des N. T.s; er ist auch Herausgeber der »Zeitschrift für ausländische theolog. Literatur …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Clausen — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clausen — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Clausen (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clausen — Original name in latin Clausen Name in other language State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 49.26075 latitude 7.6773 altitude 402 Population 1626 Date 2011 04 25 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Clausen — J., Danish physician. See Dyggve Melchior C. syndrome …   Medical dictionary

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