This most interesting and ancient surname, with its long association with the British nobility, has three possible origins. It may be Olde English and derive from the pre 8th century word 'cleare' which translates as 'bright or clear' and as such was applied to various rivers and a Manor in the county of Suffolk. A second possibility is French, from a place called Clere in Normandy and first recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book of England, whilst the third is baptismal from the French 'Claire' or the Latin 'Clara' which themselves translate as 'bright of fair'. The original spelling forms were Clere, Clarae, Clara, Clare, and Clair(e), however there is some confusion in that in the early days the surnames were almost always proceeded by the French preposition 'de', although by the 16th century its use had almost died out. Irish nameholders also trace their heritage from the same sources, Richard de Clare, Earl of Pembroke, and better known as 'Strongbow' was the great leader of the Anglo-Norman Invasion of Ireland in 1170. The primary source of the surname is probably the Clare family of Clare in Suffolk, who received the Dukedom of Clarence in 1362. Early examples of the surname include Bogo de Clare of Oxford in the 1273 Kings Rolls, Goditha Clare of Kent in 1317, and Thomas Clair of St Giles Cripplegate, London on January 19th 1664. The 'first' Clare/Clair(e) into the New American Colonies of King James 1 was probably Mr Clare, Master of the Ship 'Gods Gift' of London. Unfortunately he was dead when he 'arrived' at Elizabeth City on or about February 16th 1623. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Richard de Clare, which was dated 1086, The Domesday Book for County Suffolk, England, during the reign of King William 1, 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clare — may refer to: Contents 1 Places 1.1 Australia 1.2 Canada 1.3 …   Wikipedia

  • Clare — bezeichnet: Clare (Familie), anglonormannisches Adelsgeschlecht Clare bezeichnet als geographischer Begriff Folgendes: County Clare, irische Grafschaft Clare Island, Insel vor der irischen Westküste (County Mayo) River Clare, Fluss in Irland… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cläre — ist ein weiblicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 3 Siehe auch 4 Einzelnachweise …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clare FM — is an Irish radio station which broadcasts to County Clare and the surrounding areas. The station has won many Irish radio awards. Clare FM broadcasts on frequencies 95 96FM including 95.2, 95.5, 95.9, 96.4 96.6. In the past it also provided an… …   Wikipedia

  • CLARE (J.) — CLARE JOHN (1793 1864) Ce sont ses origines paysannes qui déterminent très tôt la vocation de celui qu’on surnommera «le poète paysan du Northamptonshire». Fils de paysans misérables et presque analphabètes, John Clare passe son enfance dans les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Clare — Clare, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 190 Housing Units (2000): 79 Land area (2000): 0.507494 sq. miles (1.314403 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.507494 sq. miles (1.314403 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Clare — Clare, n. A nun of the order of St. Clare. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Clare — f English: the normal vernacular form of CLARA (SEE Clara) during the Middle Ages and since. The name has always been particularly popular in Italy (in the forms Chiara and Clara) and has been borne by several Italian saints, notably Clare of… …   First names dictionary

  • Clare — a ↑county in the west of the Republic of Ireland, famous for its mountains and lakes and its wild land on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean Clare 2 Clare, John (1793 1864) a British poet, who wrote mostly about the English countryside and country… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Clare, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 190 Housing Units (2000): 79 Land area (2000): 0.507494 sq. miles (1.314403 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.507494 sq. miles (1.314403 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Clare, MI — U.S. city in Michigan Population (2000): 3173 Housing Units (2000): 1487 Land area (2000): 3.120803 sq. miles (8.082843 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.093946 sq. miles (0.243318 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.214749 sq. miles (8.326161 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.