One of the most famous of all surnames of Germanic origins, and recorded in some fifty spelling ranging from Klaus, Kloss and Koilas, to Kollatsch, Kulik and Clausen, this is a shortform or nickname. It derives from the ancient Greek name "Nikolaos", which as a surname is perhaps even more popular than Klaus! Either way the name translates as "The conquering people", a theme which no doubt contributed to its huge popularity. The Great Crusades to supposedly free the Holy Land and particularly Jerusalem, from the Saracens, in the 11th and 12th century, lead to a further boost for Klaus and its derivatives. It was the fashion for returning crusaders and pilgrims to call their children by early biblical or hebrew names, or names associated with Ancient Greece. It was from Greece that most of the crusades were launched. There were twelve in all, and all failed, but it did not dent the enthusiasm for the names. This was to lead to much confusion later, when it was realised in the "age of enlightenment", that many Christian familys carry, and still continue to carry, Hebrew or Jewish names such as Abraham, Isaac, and Joseph, as surnames. With this name the earliest of all recordings are to be found in German charters and registers of the medieval period. These include examples such as Henricus Claus of Eblingen in 1323, Wolframus Klusner of Goddelau in 1398, and Tobias Clausnitzer of Thun, christened there in 1619. The earliest of all recordings is probably that of Uzo Claus of Eblingen, Germany, in the charters of that city for the year 1294.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Claus — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adolf Karl Ludwig Claus (1838–1900), deutscher Chemiker Anna Sophia Claus (* 1994), deutsche Schauspielerin Calle Claus (* 1971), deutscher Comiczeichner Carl Claus (1835−1899), deutscher Zoologe und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claus — (sometimes Clas) may refer to: People Given name Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, the officer who, along with others, attempted to kill Hitler in 1944. Claus von Amsberg, Prince Claus of the Netherlands, Jonkheer van Amsberg (1926 2002) Claus… …   Wikipedia

  • Claus D. — Claus D. Claus D. während des Harburger Hafenfestes (2011) p1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • claus — claus·al; claus; claus·thal·ite; claus·tral; claus·tra·tion; claus·tro·phobe; claus·tro·pho·bia; claus·tro·pho·bic; claus·trum; claus·tro·phil·ia; claus·tro·pho·bi·ac; …   English syllables

  • CLAUS — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le patronyme germanique Claus est une contraction du prénom Niklaus, équivalent du français Nicolas. Patronyme Camille Claus est un peintre français. Carl …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CLAUS (H.) — CLAUS HUGO (1929 ) Né à Bruges, Hugo Claus est l’auteur le plus important que la Flandre ait produit depuis Ghelderode. Le fait d’écrire dans cette langue de diffusion réduite qu’est le néerlandais a considérablement nui à sa notoriété dans le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • CLAUS (É.) — CLAUS ÉMILE (1849 1924) Peintre flamand de tradition impressionniste, spécialisé dans l’interprétation du paysage plat, humide et vaporeux que traverse la Lys en Flandre occidentale (La Grève ensoleillée , musées royaux des Beaut Arts, Bruxelles) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Claus — (Барселона,Испания) Категория отеля: Адрес: Marroc 150, Сант Марти, 08019 Барселона, Испания …   Каталог отелей

  • Claus — m German: aphetic form of Niclaus or Niklaus, representing the usual German form of NICHOLAS (SEE Nicholas). In America this name tends to be associated with the figure of Santa Claus (originally Sankt Niklaus), which inhibits serious use of it.… …   First names dictionary

  • Claus — (Hugo Maurice Julien) (né en 1929) écrivain belge d expression néerlandaise. Il participa au mouvement Cobra. Poète (Tancredo infrasonic, 1952; Monsieur Sanglier, 1971), romancier (Jours de canicule, 1952; à propos de Dédé, 1963; l Année du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • claus — cláus cláusuri şi cláuse, s.n. (reg.) 1. baraj, stăvilar, hait, opust, scoc, zăton. 2. grămadă de lemne adunată la capătul barajului. Trimis de blaurb, 14.04.2006. Sursa: DAR  cláus ( suri), s.n. – 1. Zăgaz, stăvilar. – 2. Îngrămădire de lemne… …   Dicționar Român

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.