- Recorded in over two hundred spelling forms ranging from the British Tomas and Thomas, the Italian Tommasi and Toma, the German Thom, Thomas, Thoma, Thumm, and Thome, the Slavonic Tomaschek, the Russian Fominov, the Belorussian Tomich and Khomich. the Swedish Thomasson, and many, many, others, the origin is Aramaic. The translation being 'the twin', as in twin- brother, and it was born by St. Thomas, one of the early Christian disciples. The name was relatively popular throughout the Christian world, but as a priest's name only, in the period before the religious revival and the Crusades to free the Holy Land in the 11th and 12th centuries. Its later popularity throughout Europe from Spain to the Russian Steppes, developed partly as a result of Crusader influence, but more so after the murder of Thomas a 'Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, in England, in 1170. The first examples of the surname recordings taken from authentic rolls and registers of the medieval period include: Richard Thome of York, England, in 1293, Walter Thomas of Warwickshire, in the Hundred Rolls of 1301, and Dieter Thumm of Wolfschlugen, Germany, in 1327. An interesting recording is that of Christopher Thomas, who was one of the earliest emigrants to the New England colonies, when he embarked on the ship 'Plaine Joan' of London, on May 7th 1635, bound for Virginia. This was during the reign of Charles 1st of England, known as 'The martyr'. The first recorded spelling of the family name anywhere in the world is believed to be that of Henneko Thom, given as being a Burger of Hamburg, Germany, in the year 1252. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop", often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Surnames reference. 2013.
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TOMBS — Etruscan funerary architecture and furniture used to dominate all perceptions of the Etruscans and there is a wealth of information about tombs. A distinctive feature of tombs is that they are generally placed on the approaches to cities and… … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
Tombs — Francis Leonard Tombs, Baron Tombs (* 17. Mai 1924) ist ein britischer Politiker. Er ist seit 1990 Mitglied des House of Lords. Tombs betätigte sich in der Energiewirtschaft und war in den 1970er Jahren Vorsitzender des Versorgungsunternehmens… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tombs — Mastaba: From c.3400 BC, these were built for the ruling classes; they consisted of an underground substructure (a brick lined pit to accommodate the burial), and a superstructure (to mark the grave above ground and to provide storage for… … Ancient Egypt
Tombs — Of the Hebrews were generally excavated in the solid rock, or were natural caves. Mention is made of such tombs in Judg. 8:32; 2 Sam. 2:32; 2 Kings 9:28; 23:30. They were sometimes made in gardens (2 Kings 21:26; 23:16; Matt. 27:60). They are… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
tombs — As was the case in other ancient civilizations, the peoples of ancient Mesopotamia interred their dead in graves or tombs of varying size and splendor. They also placed grave goods, such as food, clothes, tools, weapons, and musical… … Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary
tombs — Jewish dead were always buried, and skeletons of the 1st cent. CE of crucified victims have been discovered in a cemetery in Jerusalem. If burial took place in a grave, it would be covered with stones after the interment. Larger tombs, or… … Dictionary of the Bible
Tombs — old New York City Prison on the Lower East Side, connected to the Criminal Courts Building by a Bridge of Sighs … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
tombs — tuËm n. vault, grave … English contemporary dictionary
TOMBS — … Useful english dictionary
Tombs of the Nobles — are a collective term applied to tombs of workers, foremen’s, priests, soldiers, officials, viziers, princes etc. usually located in the area of a major ancient site in Egypt.* Tombs of the Nobles (Luxor) mdash; a number of tomb areas on the West … Wikipedia