- Recorded in over two hundred spelling forms ranging from the British Tomas and Thomas, the Italian Tommasi and Toma, the German Thom, Thomas, Thoma, Thumm, and Thome, the Slavonic Tomaschek, the Russian Fominov, the Belorussian Tomich and Khomich. the Swedish Thomasson, and many, many, others, the origin is Aramaic. The translation being 'the twin', as in twin- brother, and it was born by St. Thomas, one of the early Christian disciples. The name was relatively popular throughout the Christian world, but as a priest's name only, in the period before the religious revival and the Crusades to free the Holy Land in the 11th and 12th centuries. Its later popularity throughout Europe from Spain to the Russian Steppes, developed partly as a result of Crusader influence, but more so after the murder of Thomas a 'Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, in England, in 1170. The first examples of the surname recordings taken from authentic rolls and registers of the medieval period include: Richard Thome of York, England, in 1293, Walter Thomas of Warwickshire, in the Hundred Rolls of 1301, and Dieter Thumm of Wolfschlugen, Germany, in 1327. An interesting recording is that of Christopher Thomas, who was one of the earliest emigrants to the New England colonies, when he embarked on the ship 'Plaine Joan' of London, on May 7th 1635, bound for Virginia. This was during the reign of Charles 1st of England, known as 'The martyr'. The first recorded spelling of the family name anywhere in the world is believed to be that of Henneko Thom, given as being a Burger of Hamburg, Germany, in the year 1252. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop", often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Surnames reference. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mordechai Yosef Leiner — Izhbitzer Rebbe Term 1839–1854 Full name Mordechai Yosef Leiner Main work Mei HaShiloach Born 1801 Tomaszów Lubelski … Wikipedia
ḤASIDISM — ḤASIDISM, a popular religious movement giving rise to a pattern of communal life and leadership as well as a particular social outlook which emerged in Judaism and Jewry in the second half of the 18th century. Ecstasy, mass enthusiasm, close knit … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Inocente Fiss — Carballosa (born June 7, 1980) is a Cuban boxer best known to win bronze at the 2005 World Amateur Boxing Championships in the men s junior welterweight division.In 1998 he won a bronze at the junior world championships, when he lost the… … Wikipedia
Pilling-Bedworth-Verhältnis — Das Pilling Bedworth Verhältnis (PBV, oder PBR von Pilling Bedworth Ratio) ist in der Chemie und Werkstoffkunde das Verhältnis des Volumens der Elementarzelle eines Metalloxids zum Volumen der Elementarzelle des dazugehörigen Metalls. Anhand des… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dovid Bornsztain — Third Sochatchover Rebbe Term 1926 1942 Full name Dovid Bornsztain … Wikipedia
Izhbitza — Shul in Izhbitza The Central R … Wikipedia
Tomaszow Lubelski — Original name in latin Tomaszw Lubelski Name in other language Tomashev, Tomashiv, Tomashov Ljublinski, Tomashuv, Tomashuv Ljubel ski, Tomashuv Ljubel skij, Tomasova Lubelska, Tomaszow, Tomaszw, Tomaova Lubelska, Tomoshuv Lyubel ski, lu bu lin de … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Tomaszow Mazowiecki — Original name in latin Tomaszw Mazowiecki Name in other language Mazovijos Tomasuvas, Mazovijos Tomauvas, Thomasovia, Tomashov Mazovski, Tomashuv Mazovec kij, Tomashuv Mazoveckij, Tomasova Mazovecka, Tomaszow, Tomaszow Mazowiecki, Tomaszw,… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
TOMASZOW MAZOWIECKI — (also called Tomaszow Rawski), city in Lodz province, central Poland. The owner of Tomaszow Mazowiecki, Count Antoni Adam Ostrowski, invited Jewish weavers and entrepreneurs to settle there in the 1820s. Jacob Steinman from Ujazd acted as the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism