Abelson
This most interesting and unusual surname is Anglo-Scottish. It was mainly introduced by returning 12th century Crusaders and pilgrims from the Holy Land. 'Abel' derives from the Hebrew given name 'Hevel' meaning 'breath or vigour', and was presumably a name of endearment or possibly a nickname. As a personal name 'Abel' (Hevel) was borne by the son of Adam, who was murdered by his brother Cain. It was very popular as a given name in Christendom during the Middle Ages, when there was a cult of 'suffering innocence' which Abel represented. For reasons unclear the early surname was widespread in the east of England and Southern Scotland, and is well represented in its various forms in the registers of the area. The surname is now recorded in the modern spellings of Abel, Able, Abele, Abelle, and the patronymic Abelson and Ableson. Early examples of the surname recordings include Richard Abel of Buckinghamshire in the 1273 Hundred rolls of the county, and Thomas Abelle in the Subsidy Rolls of Yorkshire for the year 1301, whilst in 1623 Richard Abelson applied for a license to marry Ellen Brocke at Westminster. The surname is also well recorded in Scotland from an early date, Master Abel being recorded in the rolls of the abbey of Kelso in 1235, whilst Thomas Abel or Abell, was a burgess of Edinburgh in the year 1387. The coat of arms is very distinctive having the blazon of a silver field, charged with twelve gold fleur de lis on a saltire of blue. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Abel, which was dated 1197, in the pipe rolls of the county of Essex, during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "The lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Abelson —   [ eɪbəlsn], Philip Hauge, amerikanischer Physiker und Chemiker, * Tacoma (Washington) 27. 4. 1913; Professor in Washington, entwickelte das Thermodiffusionsverfahren zur Isotopentrennung von Uran und entdeckte mit E. M. McMillan das Neptunium.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Abelson — Family name name = Abelson image size = caption = pronunciation = meaning = region = language = Swedish Yiddish related names = Abel footnotes = Abelson, originating from both Swedish and Yiddish, and derived from the name Abel, is the surname of …   Wikipedia

  • Abelson — Philip Hauge Abelson. Philip Hauge Abelson (* 27. April 1913 in Tacoma, Washington, USA; † 1. August 2004 in Bethesda, Maryland, USA) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker un …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abelson — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Philip Hauge Abelson (27 avril 1913 1er août, 2004) était un physicien, éditeur de littérature scientifique, et auteur de science. Robert P. Abelson (né… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abelson — Herbert T., U.S. pediatrician, *1941. See A. murine leukemia virus …   Medical dictionary

  • ABELSON, PAUL — (1878–1953), U.S. labor arbitrator. Abelson, who was born in Kovno, Lithuania, immigrated to the United States at the age of 14. He studied at the City College of New York and Columbia University and in 1906 published The Seven Liberal Arts: A… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abelson, Harold Herbert — (1904–2003), U.S. educator. Born in New York, he began his teaching career at City College in 1924, advancing from assistant psychologist in the educational clinic to professor in 1948, and dean of the school of education in 1952. His book The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABELSON, JOSHUA — (1873–1940), English minister. Born in Merthyr Tydfil (Wales), Abelson was ordained at jews College in London, and occupied pulpits in Cardiff and Bristol. He became principal of the Jewish theological preparatory school Aria College in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abelson leukemia virus — Abelson leukemia virus. См. вирус лейкоза Абельсона. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Abelson, Philip Hauge — ▪ 2005       American scientist, editor, and administrator (b. April 27, 1913, Tacoma, Wash. d. Aug. 1, 2004, Bethesda, Md.), rose to prominence for his research on uranium and for his co discovery (with American physicist Edwin McMillan) of… …   Universalium

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