This most interesting and unusual surname is Anglo-Scottish. It was mainly introduced by returning 12th century Crusaders and pilgrims from the Holy Land. 'Abel' derives from the Hebrew given name 'Hevel' meaning 'breath or vigour', and was presumably a name of endearment or possibly a nickname. As a personal name 'Abel' (Hevel) was borne by the son of Adam, who was murdered by his brother Cain. It was very popular as a given name in Christendom during the Middle Ages, when there was a cult of 'suffering innocence' which Abel represented. For reasons unclear the early surname was widespread in the east of England and Southern Scotland, and is well represented in its various forms in the registers of the area. The surname is now recorded in the modern spellings of Abel, Able, Abele, Abelle, and the patronymic Abels, Abeles, Abells, Abelson and Ableson. Early examples of the surname recordings include Richard Abel of Buckinghamshire in the 1273 Hundred rolls of the county, and Thomas Abell in the Subsidy Rolls of Yorkshire for the year 1301. The surname is also well recorded in Scotland from an early date, Master Abel being recorded in the rolls of the abbey of Kelso in 1235, whilst Thomas Abell, was a burgess of Edinburgh in the year 1387. The coat of arms is very distinctive having the blazon of a silver field, charged with twelve gold fleur de lis on a saltire of blue. The crest being an arm in armour holding a sword enfiled with a wreath. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Abel, which was dated 1197, in the Pipe Rolls of the county of Essex, during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "The Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abell — may refer to:People*Richard Abell (born 1974), British designer and founder of based upon *Ian Abell (born 1974), British artist and founder of based upon *Chris Abell (born 1957), British biological chemist *George Ogden Abell (1927 1983),… …   Wikipedia

  • Abell — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Arunah Shepherdson Abell (1806–1888), US amerikanischer Verleger (The Baltimore Sun) George Ogden Abell (1927–1983), US amerikanischer Astronom John Abell (1652–1724) , schottischer Komponist Kjeld Abell… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abell — Abell,   Kjeld, dänischer Dramatiker, * Ribe 25. 8. 1901, ✝ Kopenhagen 5. 3. 1961; begann in Paris als Bühnenmaler. Sein erster großer Erfolg war das gesellschaftskritische, tragikomische Märchenspiel »Melodien, der blev væk« (1935; deutsch Die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Abell — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Abell peut désigner : Patronyme George Abell (1927 1983), astronome américain ; John Abell (1650 ≃1724), musicien écossais ; Kjeld Abell… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • abell — a|bell Mot Agut Nom masculí …   Diccionari Català-Català

  • ABELL — Abella …   Abbreviations in Latin Inscriptions

  • Abell — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Abell 39 — (nébuleuse planétaire) Données d’observation (Époque J2000.0) Constellation Hercule Ascension droite (α) 16h 27m 33,737s[1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abell, Baltimore — Abell is a neighborhood located in the north central area of Baltimore, Maryland, USA. It is considered to be part of Charles Village, Baltimore.HistoryAbell is a predominantly residential community that structurally conforms to a grid street… …   Wikipedia

  • Abell 1835 IR1916 — 250px Datos de observación (Época J2000.0) Ascensión recta 14h 01m Declinación +02° 51 …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”