Charleston


Charleston
Surprisingly this is not a locational surname from any of the various places called Charleston or Charlestown. It is much earlier and derives from the personal name Charles and in particular the varied patronymics which include Carlson, Charlson, Charlesson, Charleston, and Charlestone. Although regarded as English, it is of pre 5th century Germanic origins from the personal name Karl or Carl. This translates as "man", and later in the medieval period was Latinized to Carolus and Charles. The personal name was introduced into England by the Norman-French after the Invasion of 1066, but was never popularized until the Stuart period in the 16th century. All the places so named are after this date, and also several centuries after the creation of surnames. In France the name was popular from an early date owing to the fame of the Emperor Charlemagne, (Charles the Great), King of the Franks (742-814). In a few cases the surname may be of 8th century English origin, from the word "ceorl", meaning a farmer or bondsman. The personal name as "Carolus" was first recorded in the charter known as the "Curia Rolls" of the county of Suffolk in the year 1208. Amongst the first surname recordings are those of Frethesant Cherl in the charters of the county of Cambridgeshire, England, in 1221, whilst in Germany Rudolf Karle was recorded as a Klosterdiener (monastery worker) in the registers of the town of St Bastien, in the year 1275. One of the first settlers in the Virgina colony of New England was Dorothie Charleson, who sailed thereon the ship "Transport of London" in 1635. The first recorded spelling of the family name anywhere in the world is believed to be that of Osbert Cherle. This was dated 1193, in the "Pipe Rolls" of the county of Warwickshire, England during the reign of King Richard 1st, known as "The Lionheart", 1189 - 1199.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Charleston — often refers to: Charleston, South Carolina, a city in South Carolina, and the largest metro region on this list. Charleston, West Virginia, the state capital of West Virginia Charleston may also refer to: Contents 1 Geography 2 …   Wikipedia

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  • Charleston — Charleston, AR U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 2965 Housing Units (2000): 1315 Land area (2000): 4.197619 sq. miles (10.871782 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.078648 sq. miles (0.203697 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.276267 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Charleston — puede hacer referencia a: Lugares en Estados Unidos Charleston, una ciudad en el estado de Arkansas; Charleston, un municipio en el estado de Carolina del Norte; Charleston, un condado en el estado de Carolina del Sur; Charleston, una ciudad en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • CHARLESTON — CHARLESTON, city in South Carolina and home of one of the oldest Jewish communities in the United States. Jews began to settle in Charleston in 1695, 25 years after the English founded Carolina. Governor John Archdale, in a descriptive report on… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • charleston — [ ʃarlɛstɔn ] n. m. • 1926; de Charleston, ville de la Caroline du Sud ♦ Danse des Noirs des États Unis, à la mode en Europe vers 1920 1925, très rapide, où l on agite les jambes de chaque côté en serrant les genoux. ● charleston nom masculin (de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Charleston — • The Diocese of Charleston (Carolopolitana) comprises the entire state of South Carolina, U.S.A Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Charleston     Charleston      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • charleston — s.n. Dans american de salon. cu mişcare rapidă; melodie după care se execută acest dans. [pr.: ceárlston] – cuv. engl. Trimis de valeriu, 03.03.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  CHARLESTON [pr.: cearlstón] n. 1) Dans de salon, de origine americană, executat… …   Dicționar Român

  • Charleston, AR — U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 2965 Housing Units (2000): 1315 Land area (2000): 4.197619 sq. miles (10.871782 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.078648 sq. miles (0.203697 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.276267 sq. miles (11.075479 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Charleston, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 21039 Housing Units (2000): 8148 Land area (2000): 7.992815 sq. miles (20.701294 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.679737 sq. miles (1.760511 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.672552 sq. miles (22.461805 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Charleston, MO — U.S. city in Missouri Population (2000): 4732 Housing Units (2000): 1957 Land area (2000): 4.676643 sq. miles (12.112450 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.676643 sq. miles (12.112450 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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