Charette


Charette
This interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a nickname deriving from the Olde English pre 7th Century "scir", fair, bright, with the Anglo-Norman French intensive suffix "-ard". The creation of surnames from nicknames was a common practice in the Middle Ages, and many modern-day surnames derive from medieval nicknames referring to personal characteristics, as in this instance "the fair haired one", or "the bright one". The surname is first recorded in the late 13th Century (see below), and has many variant spellings ranging from Sherratt, Sheret, Sherrard and Sherrott to Charrit, Charet and Charret(t). On October 31st 1630, Frances, daughter of Thomas Charret, was christened at St. Luke's, Chelsea, and Edward Charett married Dorcas Matthews on September 23rd 1653, at Bentley, Hampshire, In some instances the surname may be of Old French origin, introduced into England by the Huguenots, deriving from the Old French "charrette", a cart. This may have been acquired as a metonymic occupational name for a user or maker of carts, or perhaps as a nickname for someone who owned a wheeled vehicle in an area where asses or mules were the usual means of transport. During the mid to late 17th Century, thousands of French Huguenots fled to England and other countries to escape religious persecution on the Continent, especially after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes by Louis X1V in 1685. In May 1746, Jacques, son of Jacques and Marie Charret, was christened at the French Huguenot Church, Spitalfields, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Shirard, which was dated 1298, witness in the "Assize Court Rolls of Staffordshire", during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charette — ist der Name folgender Orte: Gemeinde Charette im französischen Département Isère, siehe Charette (Isère) Gemeinde Charette Varennes im französischen Département Saône et Loire Gemeinde Charette in der kanadischen Provinz Québec, siehe Charette… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charette — may refer to: Charette, Isère, a commune of the Isère département, France Charette, Quebec Charette Varennes François Athanase de Charette de la Contrie, French chief of the counter revolutionary insurrection William R. Charette, Medal of Honor… …   Wikipedia

  • Charette — País …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charette (de) — Charette (de), Charrette Les termes Charette et Charrette peuvent certes évoquer une charrette, mais il s agit le plus souvent de toponymes désignant la chute d eau d un moulin. Le mot vient du grec kataracta , qui a aussi donné cataracte …   Noms de famille

  • Charette — Charette, Franç. Athanase Ch. dela Contrie, geb. 1763 zu Couffé in der Bretagne; diente bis 1790 bei der Marine u. ging dann zu den Emigranten nach Coblenz; er kehrte dann nach Frankreich zurück, wurde einer der Hauptanführer in dem Vendéekriege… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Charette — (spr. scharett ), Athanase, Baron de, franz. Legitimist, geb. 1828 aus einer Familie, der auch C. de la Contrie (s. unten) angehörte, trat in die päpstliche Armee ein. Als Oberst eines aus internationalem Adel gebildeten Regiments machte er 18.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • charette — (n.) also charrette, c.1400, from O.Fr. charrete wagon, small cart (12c.), dim. of charre (see CAR (Cf. car)). Meaning collaborative session is by 1982 …   Etymology dictionary

  • Charette —  Pour l’article homophone, voir Charrette (homonymie). Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • charette — /sheuh ret /, n. charrette. * * * …   Universalium

  • charette —    In architecture, an intense effort to complete a design project within a specified time. Also spelled charrette, this French word refers to a handcart or barrow. Also see argument, collaboration, critique, deadline, and discussion …   Glossary of Art Terms


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