This unusual and long-established surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational name from the parish of Chard near Taunton, in Somerset. Recorded as "Cerdren" in manuscripts held at Wells, Somerset, dated 1065; as "Cerdre" in the Domesday Book of 1086; and as "Cerda" in the 1166 Red Book of the Exchequer, the place was so called from the Olde English pre 7th Century "ceart", a rough heathland overrun with gorse, with the change of "rt" to "rd", and "renn", a side-form of the Olde English "aern", house, especially "storehouse". The final "n" and second "r" of "Cerdren" were lost at an early stage due to dialectal influences. Locational surnames, such as this, were originally given to local landowners, and the lord of the manor, and especially as a means of identification to those who left their birthplace to settle elsewhere. On November 29th 1548, Nicholas, son of George Chard, was christened at Shobrooke, Devon. Notable namebearers were George William Chard, organist of Winchester Cathedral, 1802 - 1849, and John Rouse Merriott Chard (1847 - 1897), colonel of the royal engineers. A Coat of Arms granted to the Chard family is described thus: "Argent, on a chevron azure between two partridges proper, in chief and in base a greyhound courant sable, a garb between two buglehorns stringed gold", the Crest being a silver eagle rising, the dexter claw resting on an azure escutcheon, and holding in the beak an oak branch slipped proper. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Chard, which was dated 1327, in "Medieval Records of Somerset", during the reign of King Edward 111, known as "The Father of the Navy", 1327 - 1377. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chard — Chard …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • chard — chard; fau·chard; lie·ber·mann bur·chard; or·chard; or·chard·ing; or·chard·man; pil·chard; po·chard; clo·chard; flan·chard; poa·chard; …   English syllables

  • Chard — País …   Wikipedia Español

  • chard — [chärd] n. [earlier card < Fr carde < L carduus, thistle, artichoke (see CARD2): sp. infl. by Fr chardon, artichoke] a kind of beet (Beta vulgaris var. cicla) whose large leaves and thick stalks are used as food; Swiss chard …   English World dictionary

  • Chard — (ch[aum]rd), n. [Cf. F. carde esculent thistle.] 1. The tender leaves or leafstalks of the artichoke, white beet, etc., blanched for table use. [1913 Webster] 2. A variety of the white beet, which produces large, succulent leaves and leafstalks.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chard — (n.) 1650s, from Fr. carde chard, from L. carduus thistle, artichoke …   Etymology dictionary

  • chard — ► NOUN (also Swiss chard) ▪ a beet of a variety with edible broad white leaf stalks and green blades. ORIGIN French carde …   English terms dictionary

  • Chard — (spr. Tschard), Marktflecken in der englischen Grafschaft Somersett; altgothisches Rathhaus; die größten Kartoffelmärkte in England; 5800 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chard — (spr. tschārd), Stadt (municipal borough) in der engl. Grafschaft Somerset, an der Grenze von Devonshire, mit (1901) 4437 Einw., hat zwei Eisengießereien, berühmte Spitzenfabrikation und eine Lateinschule. 6 km davon Ford Abbey, ein ehemaliges… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • chard — [tʃa:d US tʃa:rd] n [U] [Date: 1600 1700; : French; Origin: carde, from Latin cardus; CARD2] a vegetable with large leaves …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • chard — [ tʃard ] noun uncount a vegetable with white stems and large dark green leaves …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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