Recorded in several spelling forms including: Cejka, Czadla, Czaja, Czajka, Czajkowska , Czajkowski, Chaikovski, and the famous Tchaikovsky, this is a surname of Polish origins, although with input from other nations particularly Russia. It derives from the ancient Polish word "czajka" meaning "lapwing" as in the bird, and cognescent with the Russian "chaika". However whilst this would suggest that the name is a nickname for somebody who was believed by his associates to represent in someway the habits of the bird, this is not so. It is apparently a locational surname from a place in Poland called Czajka, and to this has at various times been added suffix such as "ow" meaning belonging too, and "ski or ska" originally implying land ownership in Czajka, and often used as a status designation. It is similar to the French "de" or the German "von". It is said that the spelling as Tchaikovsky and relating to the famous composer, is a French romanization of the Cyrillic spelling. The recordings of the surname are rare before the 19th century, but this is more to do with the loss and destruction of the early registers during the social upheavals of the past two centuries, rather than an inditement in anyway of the originality of the surname. Examples of recordings taken from known records include: Floriano Czaja whose daughter Marrianam was christened at Himmelwitz, Schelesien, Germany, on February 4th 1777, Tomasz Czajkowski, a witness at Klobka, Bydgoskiego, Poland, on January 1st 1801, and Bernhard Czajka, the son of Michael, christened at Gruadenz, East Prussia, on February 9th 1851.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tchaikovsky — Tchaikovsky, Pëtr Il´ič …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tchaikovsky — [pyō̂′tr il yēch′ chī kō̂f′skēchī kôf′skē] Peter Ilich [il′yich] 1840 93; Russ. composer: also Pëtr Ilyich Tschaikowsky [pyō̂′tr il yēch′ chī kō̂f′skē] …   English World dictionary

  • Tchaikovsky — Pjotr Tschaikowski, Öl auf Leinwand, 1893, Nikolai Kusnezow, Tretjakow Galerie Pjotr Iljitsch Tschaikowski (russisch Пётр Ильич Чайковский  anhören?/i …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tchaikovsky — Piotr Ilitch Tchaïkovski « Tchaïkovski » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Tchaïkovski (homonymie). Piotr Ilitch Tchaïkovski Пётр Ильич Чайкoвский …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tchaikovsky — noun important Russian composer whose works are noted for their expressive melodies (1840 1893) • Syn: ↑Peter Tchaikovsky, ↑Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky, ↑Pyotr Tchaikovsky, ↑Pyotr Ilych Tchaikovsky • Instance Hypernyms: ↑composer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tchaikovsky — n. family name; Peter Tchaikovsky (1840 1893), Russian composer …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Tchaikovsky — biographical name Pyotr Ilich 1840 1893 Russian composer • Tchaikovskyan or Tchaikovskian adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Tchaikovsky — /chuy kawf skee, kof , chi /, n. Peter Ilyich /il yich/ or Pëtr Ilich Russ. /pyawtrdd ee lyeech /, 1840 93, Russian composer. Russian, Chaikovski. Also, Tschaikovsky, Tschaikowsky. * * * …   Universalium

  • Tchaikovsky — noun usually applying to …   Wiktionary

  • Tchaikovsky — Tchai|kov|sky, Pe|ter Il|yich (1840 93) a Russian ↑composer who wrote symphonies and ↑ballets, such as Swan Lake and The Sleeping Beauty. Other well known works are The 1812 Overture and his first piano ↑concerto. His music is romantic, emotional …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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