Carrack


Carrack
This surname is of either medieval Scottish or English origin, and is a locational name from the ancient district of Carrick in Ayrshire, or from Carrock Fell in Cumberland. The latter place was recorded as "Carroc" in a Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland, dated 1208, and as "Carrok" in the 1261 "Inquisitiones post mortem", and is so called from the Old Welsh "carrecc", rock, cognate with the Old Gaelic "carra, carrick", headland, cliff, crag, rock. The former place shares the same meaning, derived from the Gaelic term. Locational surnames were originally given to the lord of the manor, or as a means of identification to those who left their place of origin to settle elsewhere. Early examples of the surname include: Hector de Carric, Knight (Lancashire, 1260); Duncan de Carrike (Berwickshire, 1296); John of Carryk, who was appointed envoy by David 11 to the king of England in 1360, and Beatrix Carrik, landholder in Glasgow (1554). On March 24th 1544, Alice Carricke, an infant, was christened at St. Crux, York, and in 1653, Stephen, son of Matthew Carrack, was christened in Bilton Ainsty, Yorkshire. A Coat of Arms granted to the Carrack family is a gold shield with a fess dancettee between three black talbots passant, the Crest being a silver ostrich, beaked and legged gold, holding in the mouth a broken spear of the last, headed of the first. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Duncan Karryc, which was dated 1224, in the "Registers of Paisley Monastery", during the reign of King Alexander 11 of Scotland, 1214 - 1249. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • carrack — [kar′ək] n. [ME carrack < OFr caraque < OSp carraca < Ar qarāqīr, pl. of qurqūr, merchant ship: < ? Gr kerkouros, a light vessel < kerkos, tail + oura, tail, stern (see URO 2)] GALLEON …   English World dictionary

  • Carrack — Car rack, n. See {Carack}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Carrack — (engl., spr. Karräck), pikante Sauce aus Soya, Ketschup, Wallnußsaft, Anschovis, Schalotten, Lauch u. Essig; eine ähnliche Bereitung, durch Cochenille etwas geröthet, heißt Carrachea (spr. Karrätschi) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • carrack — late 14c., from O.Fr. carraque, from Arabic qaraqir, pl. of qurqur merchant ship, perhaps from L. carricare (see CHARGE (Cf. charge)). Or perhaps from Gk. karkouros boat, pinnacle …   Etymology dictionary

  • Carrack — Paul Carrack im Interview mit SWR Moderator Bob Murawka Paul Carrack (* 22. April 1951 in Sheffield, England) ist ein britischer Songschreiber, Sänger, Keyboarder und Gitarrist und Mitglied von Mike the Mechanics …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carrack — For the rocks off the Cornish coast, see The Carracks. The carrack Victoria of Magellan …   Wikipedia

  • carrack — Carack Car ack, n. [F. caraque (cf. Sp. & Pg. carraca, It. caracca.), LL. carraca, fr. L. carrus wagon; or perh. fr. Ar. qorq[=u]r (pl. qar[=a]qir) a carack.] (Naut.) A kind of large ship formerly used by the Spaniards and Portuguese in the East… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carrack — noun Etymology: Middle English carrake, from Anglo French carrak, from Old Spanish carraca, from Arabic qarāqīr, plural of qurqūr merchant ship, from Greek kerkouros light vessel Date: 14th century a beamy sailing ship especially of the 15th and… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • carrack — /kar euhk/, n. a merchant vessel having various rigs, used esp. by Mediterranean countries in the 15th and 16th centuries; galleon. Also, carack. [1350 1400; ME carrake < MF carraque < Sp carraca, perh. back formation from Ar qaraqir (pl. of… …   Universalium

  • carrack — noun A large European sailing vessel of the 14th to 17th centuries similar to a caravel but square rigged on the foremast and mainmast and lateen rigged on the mizzenmast …   Wiktionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.