This ancient and widespread name is of early medieval English origin, and is an occupational name for a worker in wood, a "carpenter". The surname derives from the Anglo-Norman French term "carpentier", developed in England after the Conquest of 1066, and deriving from the Late Latin "carpentarius", cartwright, from "carpentum", cart, a word of Gaulish origin. This surname has the rare distinction of retaining its original spelling of the 12th Century into modern English, and is one of a select group of occupational surnames developed from essential and skilled employment during the Middle Ages; other examples are Smith, Farrar, Cartwright, Miller, Tanner, and Tiler. Job-descriptive surnames originally denoted the actual occupation of the namebearer, and later became hereditary. Early recordings of the name include Ralph Carpenter (1175, Yorkshire), and Hugh le Charpenter (Wiltshire, 1273). William Carpenter, aged 19 yrs., was an early emigrant to the New World Colonies, leaving London on the "Expedition", bound for the Barbadoes in November 1635. One of the earliest Coats of Arms granted to a family of the name depicts two lions, gold, rampant combatant, on a blue shield. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Godwin Carpentar, which was dated 1121, in "Feudal Documents from the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds", Suffolk, during the reign of King Henry 1, known as "The Lion of Justice", 1100 - 1135. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Carpenter — (englisch für „Zimmerer“) ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alan Carpenter (* 1957), australischer Journalist und Politiker B. Platt Carpenter (1837–1921), US amerikanischer Politiker Bobby Carpenter (* 1963), US amerikanischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carpenter — Car pen*ter, n. [OF. carpentier, F. charpentier, LL. carpentarius, fr. L. carpentum wagon, carriage.] An artificer who works in timber; a framer and builder of houses, ships, etc. Syn: {Carpenter}, {Joiner}. Usage: The carpenter frames and puts… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carpenter — car‧pen‧ter [ˈkɑːpntə ǁ ˈkɑːrpntər] noun [countable] JOBS PROPERTY someone whose job is making and repairing wooden things * * * carpenter UK US /ˈkɑːpəntər/ noun [C] ► a person whose job is making and repairing wooden objects and structures:… …   Financial and business terms

  • Carpenter — Carpenter, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 130 Housing Units (2000): 54 Land area (2000): 0.159721 sq. miles (0.413676 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.159721 sq. miles (0.413676 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Carpenter, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 130 Housing Units (2000): 54 Land area (2000): 0.159721 sq. miles (0.413676 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.159721 sq. miles (0.413676 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • carpenter — c.1300 (attested from early 12c. as a surname), from O.N.Fr. carpentier (O.Fr., Mod.Fr. charpentier), from L.L. (artifex) carpentarius wagon (maker), from L. carpentum two wheeled carriage, cart, from Gaulish, from O.Celt. *carpentom (Cf. O.Ir.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • carpenter — [kär′pən tər] n. [ME & Anglo Fr < LL carpentarius, carpenter, wagon maker < L carpentum, two wheeled carriage, cart < Gaul] a workman who builds and repairs wooden things, esp. the wooden parts of buildings, ships, etc. vi. to do a… …   English World dictionary

  • Carpenter — (spr. kār ), 1) Mary, engl. Philanthropin und Schriftstellerin, geb. 3. April 1807 in Exeter, gest. 14. Juni 1877 in Bristol, Tochter eines Geistlichen, widmete sich schon früh der Rettung und Besserung verwahrloster Kinder und ist bis zu ihrem… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Carpenter — Carpĕnter, William Benjamin, engl. Naturforscher, geb. 29. Okt. 1813 zu Exeter, 1847 Prof. der Medizin in London, gest. das. 19. Nov. 1885, leitete 1868 70 die von der engl. Regierung ausgerüsteten Tiefseeforschungen; schrieb: »Principles of… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • carpenter — index build (construct), frame (construct) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Carpenter —   [ kɑːpɪntə],    1) Jesse Fairfield, amerikanischer Ingenieur, * Washington (D. C.) 1852, ✝ Bad Nauheim 3. 6. 1901; erfand 1880/81 die nach ihm benannte Zweikammer Luftdruckbremse für Eisenbahnzüge, die er in einer 1883 in Berlin gegründeten… …   Universal-Lexikon

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